GMO: benefits and harmful impact
We all know that food is an essential source of vitamins and minerals. It helps us to improve health conditions and protect our bodies from different diseases. That’s why each person should choose wholesome products for everyday ration. You can find tons of useful information on the Internet, in books and magazines. Besides, each nutritionist will choose a list of products according to your health conditions. But what should we do with the GMO situation? The number of genetically modified products is unbelievable nowadays. It’s really hard to avoid those foods.
Despite the fact that we live in the century of technical development, there are still too many questions about GMO. Some researchers say that modified products are safe for health, and others don’t recommend eating them. But there are still many people who don’t know the proper “GMO” meaning. So, let’s try to make it clear.
Genetically Modified Organisms
Genetically modified organisms are plants and animals with altered genetic makeup. Scientists do it because they want to improve their main characteristics: growth, duration of life, taste etc. Genes of one organism are transferred into another one. This process helps scientists to change basic conditions of an organism. It’s called the “genetic engineering”. Scientists from all over the world use it to “improve” vegetables, milk, meat, soybeans etc. There’s no a general opinion about beneficial and harmful characteristics of genetically modified products. Their impact on health is still being investigated.
Benefits of GMO
Supporters of genetic engineering say that modified organisms have many benefits. For example, animals are healthier, plants are resistant to insects and flood etc. Farmers don’t have to use much insecticide, if they want to save crops from damage. Besides, genetically modified animals and plants grow faster and taste better.
We all know that starvation is a horrible problem for many countries nowadays. Scientists assure us that genetically modified plants will solve it. People don’t have to use various chemicals, suffer from bad weather conditions and spend much money on fertilization. Yields will grow even on poor soil and under climate changes. Many countries decided to develop genetic engineering because it was the only way to help problematic areas and save people from starvation.
On the other hand, many scientists think that genetically modified organisms may cause different health diseases. They say that such illnesses are antibiotic resistant. It will be very hard to find effective medications and cure disease. Such products also cause allergic reactions. Here’s the list of common GM triggers: milk, nuts, eggs, soy, fish, wheat and shellfish.
Another horrible side of genetic engineering is toxicity. Modified plants may have bad impact on surrounding organisms, such as butterflies, bees and birds. They all are important crop pollinators. Genetically modified plants are extremely dangerous for them.
A gene from one organism is injected into another one during the transference process. Sometimes they are totally different species. A result can be really surprising! Scientists can’t control natural processes. They change the set order and don’t even imagine how this process will affect animals and plants.
Many types of cancers and different birth defects are caused by GMO. There are many cases when doctors and parents notice that babies are addicted to modified products. Malnutrition and other health disorders may be caused by this problem.
There always will be many discussions concerning genetically modified products. But it’s much better to avoid those foods, if you want to save your health. Just imagine: you’ll have to eat a product containing a strange gene. Allergic reactions, unexpected diseases, toxic impact – all those items are harmful to your organism. Besides, we all know that our flora and fauna are in great danger. The latest climate and ecological changes show that we do harm to this planet by our own hands. People have to do everything possible to keep former natural conditions.